Right from kids to elders, all eagerly await the arrival of the festival of Diwali with great enthusiasm due to various reasons, though the underlying theme is to take a break from the daily monotonous life. The festivities of Diwali begin in the later part of the Hindi month of Ashvin, which falls between September and October, according to the western calendar, and culminates in the early part of Kartik that is usually placed between the months of October and November. To be precise, the date of Diwali festival keeps changing according to the auspicious Hindu calendar; however, it always spans over five days of festivities in which a plethora of rituals are performed across India with great fanfare and revelry. These five day celebrations represent different aspects of Hindu culture and belief system. It reinforces public's faith in the sentiments that good shall always overcome evil.
The Diwali festivities begin with Dhanteras, which is heralded as the beginning of the new financial year by most Indian business communities. Besides this, the day is also considered very auspicious for making monitory investments and buying gold or silver ornaments as well as coins. The second day sees the festivities of Naraka Chaturdasi, also known as Chhoti Diwali. On this day, people take early morning baths after massaging themselves with oil and in the evening, light lamps to celebrate Lord Krishna's win over the demon, Naraka. The third day is marked by the main Deepavali celebrations, Lakshmi Puja, lighting of lamps, burning of firecrackers and distribution of sweets. On the fourth day, people worship Mount Govardhan, an hillock placed near Mathura, whereas the final and the fifth day of Diwali festivities is celebrated as Bhai Dooj, a festival dedicated to warm and loving relationship of a brother and sister. Find out the details of each day of Diwali, in this section.
The auspicious day of Dhanteras is the first festival celebrated in the five-day festivities of Diwali. The term 'Dhanteras' has been derived from the amalgamation of two distinct words - 'Dhan' and 'Teras', which stand for 'Wealth' and 'Thirteenth', respectively. The festival is also known as Dhanvantari Trayodashi, since it is celebrated in the month of Kartik, on the thirteenth lunar day of Krishna Paksha, according to the Hindu calendar. This date usually falls in the month October or November, as per the Georgian Calendar.
The resplendent festival of Diwali brings with it a plethora of exuberating and vibrant festivals, including Choti Diwali, traditionally known as Narak Chaturdashi. It is a significant Indian festival, which is a part of the five days of Diwali festivities. This wonderful festival is celebrated on the fourteenth day of the Hindi month of Kartik, just a day before the grand Deepavali celebrations. This day, as its popular name Choti Diwali suggests, sees much revelry and seems more like a dress rehearsal of Deepavali.
Lakshmi Puja marks the main day of Deepavali. Though this day is a no moon day, known as Amavasya, which is usually considered unlucky according to the Hindu religion, but this day is an absolute exception to that rule and is considered very auspicious. It is believed that among the chants, hymns and resounding of temple bells, the golden-footed Goddess of wealth and prosperity,
Govardhan Puja is celebrated across northern India on the fourth day of Diwali festivities, especially in the states of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, with immense devotional fervor. This puja constitutes worshipping of Lord Krishna and Mount Govardhan. It is believed that this mountain, which is located near Mathura, was worshipped by Lord Krishna himself in order teach
The importance of family ties, the knot of love and affection that keeps all relationships alive and refreshed is the underlying theme of most of the Indian festivals. The relationship shared by a brother and sister is considered very pious and trustworthy in the Hindu culture; hence, it is celebrated twice a year in the form of festivals, namely, Raksha Bandhan and Bhai Dooj. Bhai Dooj is celebrated on the Shukla Paksha Dwitiya in the Hindi month of Kartik, which falls on the second day after Diwali and marks the conclusion